These insects, although they appear harmless because they’re tiny, can be quite annoying when they bite. They’re incredibly small with shiny black color, slightly stout body, and relatively short legs and antennae. Generally, they are not strong fliers.
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- 1 What are Biting Gnats or Sand Flies or Biting Midges?
- 2 Only Females Bite Humans
- 3 Gnats Bite Humans | The Blood Meal
- 4 Do Gnats Bite at Night?
- 5 4 Tips You Can Use to Treat Gnat Bites
- 6 Do Gnat Bites Cause Diseases?
What are Biting Gnats or Sand Flies or Biting Midges?
Biting gnats are sometimes referred to as sand flies , biting midges, no see ums, or black flies, depending on what type of gnats they are. These species feed on a blood meal, and they can cause skin lesions.
Are Gnats Similar to Bed Bugs?
Are biting gnats similar to bed bugs? Can gnats bite you in bed? No, they are not. For one thing, they are flying insects. Biting gnats are parasite insects that bite like mosquitoes, and the bite can be incredibly irritating.
The bites cause red bumps that can be similar to a mosquito bite or a fleas bite.
They can be found everywhere. You’d even find fungus gnats hanging around your potted plants. The most common types of bugs include deer flies, stable flies, buffalo gnats, biting midges, sand gnats, and buffalo gnats and sand flies.
Only Females Bite Humans
You’d find male and female biting gnats. But while males primarily feed on on plant nectars, the biting mouthparts of the female ones enjoy feeding on the blood of humans or other animals. Uncovered skin are primarily vulnerable to a bite from gnats and mosquitoes as well,
In this article, we’ll answer whether bugs like a biting midge bites at night or not. Also, we’ll give you a few tips on how to treat them so that they don’t cause allergic reactions.
Gnats Bite Humans | The Blood Meal
It might be surprising to know that not all sorts of gnats bite humans, or other mammals, for that matter. Only a few types need to feed on blood, and it’s mostly just the females that require a blood meal before laying their eggs.
Now that you’re aware that some bugs tend to bite humans, you might be wondering if they do it at night.
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Do Gnats Bite at Night?
Generally, bugs are more active during the day, hovering over bodies of water and feeding on plant nectars. However, they also come out at night, which answers this question with a yes.
If you keep indoor plants, chances are they will soon turn into a shelter to gnats and other insects. Since they mostly gather around ponds, swamps, and marshes, your plant pots should be the perfect spot to draw a biting fly.
Also, still water and moist soil are the optimum places for female gnats to lay their eggs. In this wet soil and warm environment, the eggs hatch more easily and develop into adult gnats quickly.
Therefore, during the day or night, gnats will stick around their new homes and bite people who stay in the room. If you wake up in the morning with tiny, mysterious, red bumps on your arms, chances are this insect has bitten you in your sleep.
How to Identify a Gnat Bite
As we previously pointed out, gnat bites are almost the same as mosquito bites.
See, this insect or mosquito uses a scissor-like needle to penetrate the skin. In the process, it releases its saliva through the cut. Consequently, you could develop a minor allergic reaction caused by the saliva of gnats.
The symptoms of a bite from a fly or gnat will vary depending on the bug that bites you; however, the following symptoms appear after you’ve been bitten:
- Small bites
For some people, these bumps can develop into blisters with fluids inside them. Furthermore, these bites can require medical attention in some cases, which we’ll discuss later on.
4 Tips You Can Use to Treat Gnat Bites
Mostly, gnat bites and symptoms are easy to soothe using a few hacks. After following these tips, you can expect them to disappear within days.
Wash Them With Soap and Water
The first thing you can do is run mild water over your swollen bites and wash it gently with soap. This should help calm the irritation now and clean the area around the bump.
Apply Anti-Itch Cream To The Gnat Bite
To make sure the scratching urge to go away, apply anti-itch cream to the affected area. It can also reduce redness and irritation. Plus, you can use calamine lotion to soothe these bites.
Apply a Cold Compress On The Gnat Bite
This is another way that you can approach to eliminate skin irritation. Press a cold compress to the irritated area for 10 minutes at a time.
Keep the Affected Area Elevated
Raising your arm or leg where the bites exist might help with the swelling. Since it moves the blood away from this area, it may decrease swelling a little bit.
Do Gnat Bites Cause Diseases?
Gnats, even the kinds that bite, are not known to transmit any diseases. However, the eye gnats have been related to the spread of conjunctivitis (pinkeye) in both people and cattle.
Biting flies are known to spread many different illnesses. Tularemia may be carried by deer flies, while the Blue Tongue virus can be spread to animals by biting midges. Although this virus causes serious illness in cattle in the West, it poses little threat to people.
In the United States, black flies are not known to transmit illnesses to people; nevertheless, Onchocerciasis, often known as River Blindness, is transmitted by these insects in Africa and other tropical regions.
When Should You Seek Medical Help?
Gnat bites rarely require medical intervention. Yet, if you come face-to-face with one of the following scenarios, you should consider getting medical attention.
- If the bumps become worse or don’t disappear after 2 weeks
- If you get bitten near the eyes or mouth
- If you notice signs of skin infection such as pus
The doctor should recommend an ointment or cream after checking out your symptoms. You may want to note that, in some cases, gnat bites might cause an immediate allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis.
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How to Keep Gnats Away at Night
Now that you understand how unnervingly troublesome gnat bites can be, you may want to start looking for ways to keep them away. Especially at night, when they tend to bite the most, you could follow these tips from pest experts to prevent gnat bites.
Equip Your Windows With Screens To Keep These pests Out
Mesh window screens should keep annoying pests and flies from entering your home. This way, you can enjoy the night breeze without inviting any of these unwanted guests. You can also hang a window fly trap to catch them before they even come in.
Gnats can be prevalent when there is an infestation. And although, the bite does not cause serious diseases, you could experience immediate pain and other discomfort.
Wear Light Clothing
Gnats tend to hover over dark colors. Therefore, you can switch to clothes of lighter colors when you intend to spend the night outside to avoid a gnat bite.
To Wrap It Up
Trying to have a peaceful night of sleep with gnats in your house might not be possible. Even though some types of gnats don’t bite, you’ll find that most of them do.
Do gnats bite at night? Yes, especially if they’re females needing blood and getting ready to reproduce. They can bite pets, livestock, and, you guessed it, humans!
However, if you’ve been bitten by a gnat, you’ll find that the resulting bump is easy to treat using a few simple tips. Even better, keeping those annoying biting creatures away from you doesn’t need a lot of effort on your part.
All you’ll have to do is stay away from water sources, cover any exposed skin, and close your windows at night.
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